English(2)


2019729(月)

Mongolian milk tea


Mongolian milk tea

Mongolian milk tea, cooking & history
(A short note at Supohan Grassland, Ordos, Inner Mongolia, China, translated to English by Ms. L. Xue, July 16, 2019)

Mongolian milk tea, commonly known as "Sutai", is popular as a dairy product in Mongolian, which made from brick tea with a salty taste. It is a traditional diet, and also a major method of supplementing human nutrition, as well as addition to quenching thirst.
Cooking method: It made of green or black brick tea, and the cooking tool is an iron pot. For cooking, you should break the brick tea first, put the pot on the fire, hold 2~3 liters of water, burn until boiling, and then add 50~80 grams of broken brick tea. After boiling for another 5 minutes, add milk, use about 1/5 of the water, stir a little, and then add the appropriate amount of salt. When whole pot of the tea begins to boil, it is ready for serving.
History of development: In history, the brick tea has been favored by the Mongolian people. According to historical records, during the Kangxi era of the Qing Dynasty (around 1700), some merchants in the Mainland carried brick tea, rice noodles, cloth and other things to the hinterland of Mongolia to exchange local products. The rice noodles and cloth can exchange the animal fur directly, while the value of other things is determined by the brick tea, which was calibrated the value of items as currency. It is not uncommon for a brick tea to exchange a sheep. Since then, the custom of replacing the whole sheep with brick tea as gifts to relatives and friends has been created on the grasslands. The brick tea gradually lost its qualification to replace the currency and restore the original appearance as a drink.
Nutritional value: The tea contains tannins, amino acids, essential oils, caffeine and vitamin C, D, B and other rich nutrients. It has strong heart, diuretic, spleen, hematopoiesis, bone formation, refreshing and strengthening blood vessel walls. Such as medicinal functions, as well as the dissolution of fat, promote digestion and so on. Therefore, tea, especially brick tea, has gradually occupied an important position in the life of the Mongolian people. If you do not drink tea one day, you will feel anger, dizziness, poor appetite and hard to have a good sleep at night. Legend has it that during the period of Genghis Khan, the Mongolian soldiers did not need to bring more grain, and with brick tea, it would be equal to having grain.
Food culture: Drinking salty milk tea made from brick tea is a part of traditional Mongolian life and culture. In pastoral areas, people are used to say "three times of drinking tea and only a meal for one day." Every morning, the first thing of the housewife does is to cook a pot of salted milk tea for her family to enjoy whole day. In the morning, they drink tea while eating fried glutinous rice and the rest of the tea is warmed on a light fire so that it can be taken hot tea at any time. Usually, a family only grazes home at night to officially dine once, but it is generally indispensable to drink the milk tea three times, in the morning, the noon and the evening.
If they have a guest at home, the warm and hospitable hosts will first sip a fragrant milk tea to express a sincere welcome. If not serving the tea, it will be regarded as the rudest behavior on the grassland.
Above picture is downloaded from the Baidu website and includes some milk tea companions. It includes milk cover (keep the milk boiling for a long time, and this is the top layer when milk cooling down), fried glutinous rice, dry noodles (knead into dough with a small amount of water, then made into a certain shape, fried with sheep (goat) oil), cheese, dried beef.



201976(土)

Concept of Tokachi Mountain Cabin Project


Concept of Tokachi Mountain Cabin Project

"A base-camp for outdoor activities at the mountain areas of North-Hidaka, Tokachi & East Taisetu”

<At this moment it is a private project with voluntary members, but could be opened to the public in near future, may be, 2-3 years later.>
Concept:
・A casual space for outdoor activities: Not permanent residence, enjoying de-forest & cabin construction, a base-camp for mountain climbing and visiting hot springs in Tokachi area, "Camp-fire can relax your mental condition"
・Energy- and cost-saving: Wooden decks: using recycled wood materials and cut-off trees there, Cabins: self-building, using recycled materials, Personnel: voluntary project members & students,
・Simple utilities: Available electric power line near there, available water from a creek (a well drilling project near future), wood-burning stoves, available hot springs near there (Memuro town or others), a conventional bio-toilet,
・Enjoyable facilities: Construction of 3 cabins in 3 years project (a mountain style, a casual style & a Japanese tea room on the tree)
・Enjoyable Tokachi: "the kingdom of gourmet", green-full environment, blue sky & beautiful stars, less snow in winter
Land & location:
Forest land of 1500 m2 (30m x 50m), in Asahiyama area, Shimizu-cho, Hokkaido, 15min from Tokachi-Shimizu IC, near the location used for NHK drama program "Natsu-zora"
Unsolved terms:
Limited physical manpower (it needs more young voluntary members, as well as old members), much smaller project(?), management & maintenance (?) (the members can use facilities with their own responsibility)



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Elmtree
 もともとアウトドア大好き人間ですが 時間の制約から残念な思いをしてきました。2019年春に友人の協力を得て 十勝清水にMountain Cabinを自作するプロジェクトを始めました。若者を巻き込んで いつでもバトンタッチできる体制を心がけています。また近くの「遊び小屋コニファー」は アウトドアの大先輩としてリスペクトしています。なお 街・探検・文化については別ブログにしました。Elmtree2をご覧ください。

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